Located south of Whittlesea Township, the name Yan Yean is derived from an Aboriginal word meaning bachelor, boy or unmarried. The 2011 population for the rural north was 3,317, with a population density of 0.10 persons per hectare.
The City of Whittlesea’s rural north includes the suburbs of Donnybrook, Eden Park, Humevale and Woodstock, the northern part of Wollert, the non-urban part of Whittlesea, the City of Whittlesea parts of Beveridge and Kinglake West, and most of the City of Whittlesea part of Yan Yean.
Located south of Whittlesea Township, the name Yan Yean is derived from an Aboriginal word meaning bachelor, boy or unmarried.
European pastoral settlement began in the area in 1839. Yan Yean is the site of Victoria’s oldest reservoir. In 1850, Melbourne City Council engineer James Blackburn identified the Plenty River as a source of clean water for Melbourne. He devised a plan to pipe water to the burgeoning city.
In 1853, the colonial government took over Blackburn's proposal, and decided to use Ryder's Swamp, a natural basin just east of the river, to build a reservoir. It was completed in 1857. The reservoir was a favourite destination for excursionists, particularly after the opening of the Whittlesea railway (1889-1959).
During construction over 1000 people lived at Yan Yean. The town included a primary school (1858-2002), shop and post office (1859, 1876-1974), church and 2 hotels. The town has all but disappeared.
Dairying was an important contributor to the local economy from the 1920s until the 1970s, alongside sheep and beef cattle. As metropolitan Melbourne has edged closer poultry, horse and dog breeding have developed, but cattle grazing remains the dominant rural industry.
The rural north comprises the rural balance of the City of Whittlesea, including some rural-residential areas.
The non-urban areas are characterised by forest, cattle grazing, farming and poultry, horse and dog breeding.
The 2011 population for the rural north was 3,317, with a population density of 0.10 persons per hectare.
The 2016 population forecast for the rural north is 3,248, and is forecast to grow to 3,808 by 2036.
The number of dwellings in the rural north is forecast to grow from 1,123 in 2011 to 1,276 in 2026, with the average household size falling from 2.96 to 2.92 by 2026.
The rural north had a lower proportion of pre-schoolers and a higher proportion of persons at post retirement age than the City of Whittlesea in 2011.
There were 26 people over the age of 85 living in the rural north in 2011, with largest age group being 50 to 54 year olds.
In the rural north, 15 per cent of people spoke a language other than English at home in 2011.
In 2011, 11 per cent of people in the rural north came from countries where English was not their first language.
The 3 largest ancestries in the rural north in 2011 were Australian, English and Italian.
1,718 people living in the rural north in 2011 were employed, of which 60 per cent worked full-time and 36 per cent part-time.
More rural north residents worked in construction than any other industry in 2011. There were more technicians and trades workers in the rural north in 2011 than any other occupation.
In the rural north 17 per cent of the population reported doing some form of voluntary work in 2011, which is higher than the City of Whittlesea average of 9.7 per cent.
In the rural north, 45 per cent of households were made up of couples with children in 2011.
In the rural north, 83 per cent of households were purchasing or fully owned their home, 11.2 per cent were renting privately, and 0 per cent were in social housing in 2011.
Analysis of car ownership in 2011, indicates 81 per cent of households in the rural north had access to 2 or more motor vehicles, compared to 61 per cent in the City of Whittlesea.
The Green Wedge Management Plan identifies a vision and recommends actions for the sustainable use of Whittlesea’s rural land.